Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Personality Analysis Theories on existential personality theories and Humanistic theories have changed focus on psychological viewpoints because of the behavior of individuals. Now Carl RogersÃ¢â¬â¢s person-center theory and Rollo MayÃ¢â¬â¢s existential psychology focuses more on what many would call present and future experiences of the individual rather than the past because people mental states can change from one month to the next. Psychological health can be emphasized in how a person maintains their psychology health. Now the dark realities of psychological health can be brought to light with these theories. When we take a look at person-centered theories we find out that this approach is the humanistic approach to personality. Some of the basic assumptions to this theory include oneÃ¢â¬â¢s natural tendency to move toward their full potential and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s maintenance of their self concept (Feist Feist, 2009). Now when looking at existential psychology this particular area of psychology takes a deeper look into the essence of humanity, and the realization of being in this world, also the avoidance of nothingness along with how choices are driven by free will (Boeree, 2003). When you take a look at both person-centered and existential theories they both share some of the same personality factors, which can affect behavior and vice versa. Now both of these have differing ideas on what composes personality, now one function in interpersonal relationships, how one is treatedShow MoreRelatedAbnormal Psychology Essay examples1869 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesItÃ¢â¬â¢s human nature to wonder why we act the way that we do and why things happen. So many scholars over the years have come up with numerous theories in order to categorize the things that are known and explanations of what it all means. Life is full of trials and tribulations and those who study maladaptive behavior usually focus on the thoughts, feelings, perceptions, and skills one uses during daily living. Feelings, thoughts, perceptions and skills all combine to aid in creating our mental Read Moreexplore the behavioral and humanistic theory6235 Words Ã |Ã 25 PagesINTRODUCTION This project, emphasis is on the behavioral theory and humanistic theory. My research constructed chiefly on two behavioral theorists Burrhus Fredric Skinner and John Broadus Watson and two humanistic theorists Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. In behavioral theory, the founder of psychological behaviorism, John Watson believed that internal thinking process could not be observed; therefore, psychologists should not focus on it. An American psychologist, Burrhus Fredric Skinner socialRead MoreExistential, Trauma, And Positive Psychology3246 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages EXISTENTIAL, TRAUMA, POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY Jose Mora Santana Northwest Christian University This research paper will be a brief insight into trauma and an exploration onto alternative therapies and models of psychology to treat trauma survivors. By using different journals, I will provide information that will give more in depth therapy treatments that have been conducted on individuals that have either suffer from or experienced traumatic events in their lives.Read MoreReal Self How Others See Me Ideal Self3515 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesResponsible Active Understanding Understanding Affectionate Logical Affectionate Opinionated Opinionated Intelligent I am an introvert and had very bad social skills. It seems like many normal people naturally adapt to social situations but not me. I have had to analyze people and write things down. I could never keep girls after a certain age and started losing friends around 16. Well I realized my friends were around me because they liked my company. When I fell into a deep depression after comingRead MoreTheoretical Integrative Paper3776 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagespurposes and faults that explore this area. In this essay, an effort has been made to define, my interpretations, which are formed by my personal involvement, and a lot of other features of my life, which have to do with normal functioning, human nature, and dysfunctional in the setting of therapy. I have also linked my point of views to the implicit philosophy of humans on which redecision therapy and constructive psychotherapy and psychodynamic psychotherapy, are originated and linked together. AlsoRead MorePyschoanalytic Personalities E ssay Notes9106 Words Ã |Ã 37 PagesPsychoanalytic Personality Assessment | Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper analyzing the components of the psychoanalytic approach to personality. Your paper should cover the following areas: * Compare and contrast the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung, and Adler. What are two characteristics of these theories with which you agree? What are two characteristics with which you disagree? * Describe the stages of FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s theory and explain characteristics of personality using these componentsRead MorePositive Psychology Areas of Focus in Relation to Interpersonal and Prosocial Behavior3551 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesPsychology Areas of Focus in Relation to Interpersonal and Prosocial Behavior Carmen Amaya Park University 1. Abstract The concepts of Positive Psychology are explored through an intrapersonal, interpersonal, and pro-social lens using empirical research as the basis. The paper examines the history, intentions and scope of positive psychology in relationship to personal experiences and character traits that lead to personal effectiveness. The specific Areas of Focus examine the major principlesRead MoreSuccess and Failure in Organizational Change14750 Words Ã |Ã 59 Pagesan organization undergoing the change. In order to test this assertion, the article begins by reviewing the change literature with regard to the impact of values on success and failure. It then examines GravesÃ¢â¬â¢ Emergent Cyclical Levels of Existence Theory and uses this as the basis of a method for identifying and aligning value systems. The article then presents the results from case studies of two change initiatives in different organizations. These support both the method and the assertion that valueRead MoreRastafarian79 520 Words Ã |Ã 319 PagesMexico City Mumbai Nairobi SÃ £o Paulo Shanghai Taipei Tokyo Toronto Oxford is a registered trade mark of Oxford University Press in the UK and in certain other countries Copyright Ã © 2003 by Ennis Barrington Edmonds The moral rights of the authors have been asserted Database right Oxford University Press (maker) All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without the prior permission in writingRead MoreArt as an Embodied Imagination22095 Words Ã |Ã 89 Pagesinto the participantsÃ¢â¬â¢ unconscious minds, gleaning important embodiment processes that shape their reasoning. Solvitur ambulando (Solve it by walking) (roman proverb) I n the twenty-Ã¯ ¬ rst century, for better or worse, the marketplace has changed its strategy from selling products and services to selling the consumer an experience. In their provocative book entitled The Experience Economy (1999), Pine and Gilmore describe the marketplace as a theatrical stage, replete with actors, scripts
Friday, May 15, 2020
Action Cancer are not currently recruiting, and have not advertised any graduate level positions in the past year and a half. For this reason, I choose to look at the most recent job advert for the research and evaluation department and compare how my skills aligned as I felt this would be most up-to-date and relevant to my placement. I would meet the first necessity listed as the degree I am studying, psychology, has a major research methods component. The next requirement listed is having 2 yearsÃ¢â¬â¢ experience of working in evaluation, research or needs assessment. My degree is situated in a research setting and this is an area I am interested in, however, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t actually have legitimate work experience in this area. If I wanted toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦I have written reports the past three years for my degree so I would say I am able to perform well in this area. I would also say my presentation skills are quite good, I understand the importance of presentations and the ones I have previously given have been marked well. The next essential requirement is the ability to work independently. The vast majority of projects I complete for my degree are solo projects which require me to work alone and be self-reliant, so I would say I am used to working independently. The ability to work as part of a team is also listed as essential. All of my previous jobs have required this skill, my current position at The Fort demonstrates my ability to this. For everything to work smoothly at the restaurant everyone has to work as a team, this means working cohesively with other members of staff to ensure diners are seated on time, receive the correct orders etc. The last essential requirement would not be a concern for me; I have 10 GCSEs all A*-B (including English and Maths). The first desirable characteristic listed is the ability to apply advanced statistical techniques. This is likely because the main expectation of the research and evaluation officer is to observe and analyse existing services and programmes. The course I am currently studying includes several statistics modules. This has given me experience with a range of statistical techniques- basicShow MoreRelatedThe And Food For The Poor Charity Essay1551 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof the 2015 THON logo and the Food For The Poor logo helps to understand exactly how these artifacts deliver these messages. They each use rhetoric as a means to create an image of their organization that represent their core values and mission statements to gain support from their audience but also emphasize differently each type of rhetorical proof. This comparative analysis will reveal how the similarities and differences in the logos use of context, use of kairos, and use of rhetorical proofsRead MoreReviewing The Topi c Of Breast Cancer987 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesresearching the topic of Breast Cancer. In this introduction, it will include a problem about the topic and a valid solution in who to solve it. It also discusses the research and research methods put into this technical report, personal qualifications, work schedule, and lastly a table in which lists a time schedule in which this report will be completed. Introduction Breast cancer has a significant amount of impact on the women, men, and families it effects.Breast cancer is only made of topic one monthRead MorePersuasive Speech Outline1028 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespersuade my audience on how harmful smoking does to the body and giving up the habit is the right way to do because it will literally save their lives and the people around them and the environment as well. SPEECH PLAN ATTENTION STEP: Opening statement: SmokingÃ¢â¬ ¦ WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s in it for you? We all know for a fact that smoking is dangerous to our health but still many people simply cannot get rid of the habit. According to a study conducted by the World Health Organization, 34 million Filipinos smoke.Read MoreThe Ethics Of The Ethical Issues1603 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesconsidering the fact that the scandal took place in Lance ArmstrongÃ¢â¬â¢s personal life and not within Livestrong. Now, if we look from LivestrongÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective, we can question whether it was ethical to completely cut ties with the founder of their organization. Utilitarian Approach: According to Utilitarianism, Ã¢â¬Å"an action is morally right if it results in the greatest amount of good for the greatest amount of people affected by the actionÃ¢â¬ (Text Book). As this approach is based on the cost-benefit analysisRead MoreThe Socio Economic Disadvantage Faced By Indigenous People1687 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestheir employment status and their social support. There is a lack of developed personal skills on the health risks of tobacco, Ã¢â¬Å"some Aboriginals donÃ¢â¬â¢t identify smoking as a health issueÃ¢â¬ (Korff, 2014), due to the history of Aboriginal people around smoking. As well as first hand smoke, passive smoking also contributes to poor health, especially for children. Smoking is the major cause for heart disease, stroke, some cancers, lung diseases and a variety of other conditions (HealthInfoNet.ecu.edu.au,Read MoreThe Management Of A Business Organization1568 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages TOPIC 2 The management accountant plays a number of key roles in: (a) Assisting an organization achieve its objectives; and, (b) making sure that the organization is ethical in its pursuit of those aims. Discuss this statement within the context of each of the following types of organization. Ã¢â¬ ¢ A business organization that is a manufacturer; and, Ã¢â¬ ¢ A not-for-profit organization, such as a charity.Ã¢â¬ ¨In each case, ensure that you provide illustrations of how the management accountant can contributeRead MoreEthical Framework1199 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesprofessional health care worker, the implication confidentiality breach regarding ethical dilemmas are significant to nurse and patient. The information disclosed can cause problems on a personal and professional level. Breach of confidentiality occurs when the heath care work discloses the patient s medical or personal information without the patient s informed written or verbal consent. Confidentiality is needed between the nurse and the patient to maintain a good open and honest relationship betweenRead MoreEthics Is Defined As Ã¢â¬Å"The Branch Of Philosophy That Seeks1630 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesunderstand the nature, justification, purposes, and founding principles of moral rules and the systems they compromiseÃ¢â¬ (Pozgar, 2016, p. 3). Ethics deals with the Ã¢â¬Å "values relating to human contact specifically focusing on the rightness and wrongness of an action, along with the goodness and badness of motives and its endsÃ¢â¬ (Pozgar, 2016, p. 3). Ethics is studied to help us make sound judgments, right choices, and good decisions. It is specifically used in healthcare to help Ã¢â¬Å"anticipate and recognize healthcareRead MoreA Speech Of Former Men s Basketball Coach Jimmy Valvano1259 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesspeech as a whole, touching upon everything from his organizational pattern, to speaking style, and delivery of his speech. From there will look at the impact his speech has made and whether or not it was persuasive enough to show that his call to action actually created a viable outcome afterwards. First Body Paragraph: Description of the speaker- Although, Jim Valvano is remembered most for being the head basketball coach for NC State University and leading the Wolfpack to one of the greatestRead MoreThe Ethics Associated With The Gardasil Vaccine1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Ethics Associated With the Gardasil Vaccine Molly Root St. John Fisher College Introduction Vaccinations are a topic of controversy in our society here in the United States. People have different perceptions and ideas about their personal medical care surrounding the suggestion to get vaccinated. Thousands of people adhere to the suggestions of their medical providers, while others challenge the idea of vaccinations. Individuals might choose to refuse vaccinations due to receiving
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Saying Farewell to Traditional Textbooks TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s society is a world of increasing technology. Everyday, there are technological advances in all different fields. Technology has made things much more accessible, doable, efficient, and faster. However, when this is depicted in television shows and movies, technological classrooms are perceived as futuristic. For example, in an episode of the popular Nickelodeon show iCarly, Carly imagines going to a school in the future and the focus is on technology. Producers of this media do not realize that these classrooms do exist and can exist. It is important that the future of our nation, the students, are taught technology skills and the necessary knowledge to use these programs and devices. A popular debate in many school systems is the use of technology in the classrooms. Many people believe that it is time for traditional textbooks to be replaced, while some support tradition. While some people may value the tangible, printed, hard cover textbooks we are all so familiar with, the benefits of online textbooks outweigh this universal tradition of education through cost benefits, accessibility, weight, improving standardized test scores, environmental factors, and the endless possibilities tablets offer. Higher education costs are steadily increasing each year, but these costs are not just driven from tuition costs. According to Kevin and Sheldon Smith, Ã¢â¬Å"While tuition and fees have received significant press, the increase in theShow MoreRelatedEssay on Huxleys Brave New World1362 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesinto view much sooner than that. Technology has come a long way, and has given a lot of simplicity to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. However, it comforted society so much that society started to depend on it too much. By depending on it too much, society allowed technology to replace the use of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. In Brave New World, Huxley predicts what is happening in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world and what will continue happening in the near future. In HuxleyÃ¢â¬â¢s world, everything is based on technology and the people that live there areRead MoreThe Transformation Of Collective Learning898 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHumans kept learning and inventing new technologies associated with agriculture, and slowly kept building their knowledge through the process of collective learning. As populations were increasing in size and the domestication of certain animals made work easier and gave humans the ability to travel ever further more information was being shared and new technologies traded between societies. This increase in populations created a need for leadership and gave rise to cities and states being formedRead MoreImpact Of Technology On Society s Society Essay1549 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesImpact of Technology on Society Large sections of society have the ability to travel whenever and to wherever they please, whether be it for pleasure or work. Communication with friends and family across the globe happens instantaneously with a simple click of a button. The movement of resources and products occurs around the world daily and items that were at one time based in a location across the globe can be delivered and on hand the next day. Global transportation, communication and trade createRead MoreThe Matrix: Technology Fears of a Dystopian World630 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMatrix shows a society where humans exist without any freedom. The film, not only entertaining but thought provoking as well, paints a world with two different dimensions, a world very much like todayÃ¢â¬â¢s when the film is closely examined. The Matrix questions the benefit of technology and influence over society. Like todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world, in The Matrix technology dominates society. There are two dimensions in the film: the artificial intelligence world and the Ã¢â¬Å"realÃ¢â¬ world. The AI world is painted in allRead MoreA Separation Of Social And Economic Classes1664 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world computers, machines, and other forms of technology have seemingly started to take over the workforce as society looks to constantly improve and speed up the progress in the working world. The 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s fictional novel, Player Piano, portrays a society directly revolved around the use of machines and computers in the workplace to essentially become a more progressive and efficient society. The constant development of technology in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world correlates to VonnegutÃ¢â¬â¢s Player Piano whenRead MoreCell Phone Addiction and Face to Face Conversation1050 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAs cell phones have become more and more common in todays society, some people have a signific ant issue with not being able to disengage from their cell phone. So-called Ã¢â¬Å"smart phones,Ã¢â¬ which combine functionality of an organizer, browsing the Internet, playing tunes, and taking pictures, only worsen the reliance on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s cell phone. Cell phones are no longer just a privilege but now have become a necessity. While using such devices for everyday tasks, work, and socializing with friends and familyRead MoreTechnology Is Eroding All Of Humanity1247 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOver Use of Technology? How technology is eroding all of humanity. Many people believe technology to be advancing humanityÃ¢â¬â¢s capabilities, in reality, although there are some advantages, it has many negative effects on society, and therefore the amount of technology used should be reduced to ensure the continuing existence of mankind. People of all ages from young children to adults use technology on a daily basis to learn and do things which were once done manually. People are slowlyRead MoreChanges And Development Of Project Management999 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesChanges in Project Management Abstract This report discusses changes in project management in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world of Ã¢â¬Ëinternet timeÃ¢â¬â¢ and dominance of Ã¢â¬Ëtime-to-market. It also lays emphasis on alternative development methodologies instead of traditional methodologies which should be adapted in order to prosper in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s tempestuous environment. In this modern world, business needs are changing at a fast pace and to confront these changes new and advanced development methodologies should be practiced forRead MoreResults of Advancements in Technology Essay811 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, modern technology is evidently developing rapidly and it is portrayed as a negative impact. It can be seen that technology is a substitution of all characteristics of life. The purpose of every technological invention is to benefit the lives of mankind; thus re-enforcing the positive connotation of technology. However, in long term it may not be beneficial; such as, education, work and leisure are all becoming dependent on technology; cyberspace is dangerous and child obesityRead MoreTechnology And Its Effect On Society Essay1239 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOver the years technologyÃ¢â¬â¢s growth in the world is increasing very rapidly, and new innovations are coming along each and everyday. Technology is the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry (Oxford). There is no denying that the impact of technology in the world today is huge, now technology has made it to the palm of our hands with the iPhone and continuing to expand. My generation has grown up on technology so I canÃ¢â¬â¢t imagine how my life would be with
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Natural Disasters can have both a positive and negative impact on the local, national and the global economy. However it is rare, but not out of the question, to see the positive impact it may have on an economy. For instance, when disaster struck in Haiti from the 7. 3 magnitude earthquake in 2010, between 200,000-250,000 people were killed. That is 2 percent of the total Haitian population of only 10 million. Comparatively New York City alone totals nearly as much as the entire population of Haiti with about 8. 2 million people (U. S. Census Bureau, 2010). The Inter-American Development Bank estimated that it cost 8.5 billion dollars in damage to Haitis economy. The earthquake caused the countrys gross domestic product (GDP) to contract 5. 1 percent that year. Considering that HaitiÃ¢â¬â¢s economy only produced 12 billion dollars in 2008, 8. 5 billion dollars is a huge deficit to the overall production and functionality of their economic and social growth. That is less than a ten th of a percent of U. S. GDP of 14 trillion dollars, but HaitiÃ¢â¬â¢s GDP per capita is only 1,300 dollars compared to over 40,000 dollars per person in the U. S. (CIA. gov). With all of this said, Haiti brought in nearly fifteen billion dollars through donations. So although there was catastrophic and disastrous losses to both the social and economic stimulus, on donations alone, Haiti was able to receive three billion dollars more than even their best year in 2008 with only twelve billion dollars. Proposing a theoretical situation, if an earthquake destroyed capital stock but left the labor force intact, the real rental price of capital would increase. The real rental price equals the marginal product of capital and having less capital stock available raises the marginal product of capital and therefore, raises its real rental price. This situation would also make the labor force larger in relation to available capital. Since this would lead to a declining marginal product of labor as workers have less equipment to use, the real wage would decrease as well. Due to rising world population, climate change, and environmental degradation, natural disasters are increasing in frequency. They are also becoming costlier and deadlier, according to Swiss Re, a reinsurance company; the U. S. suffered a cost of 145 billion dollars in 2004, which was up from 65 billion dollars in 2003. In 2009, natural disasters cost insurers about 110 billion dollars. In 2010, the cost was double that, at 218 billion dollars. So as you can see, in the past 10 years there have been jumps nearly doubling the cost that a country suffers to natural disasters from year to year. According to the World Bank, there are several factors that affect a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s vulnerability to natural disasters: its geographic size, the type of disaster, the strength and structure of its economy, and prevailing socioeconomic conditions. In a globalized economy, all these factors, as well as others, also play into how the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s finances will be affected. A common belief is that short-term economic hits after a disaster, even those as large as this yearÃ¢â¬â¢s earthquake and tsunami in Japan or Hurricane Katrina in the U. S. in 2005 are more than offset by the reconstruction boom that follows. However this is only in countries that are large and rich enough to have short-term stabilization to the immediate economic hit. The nature of the disaster and the size of the victim count in an economy are key when determining whether or not natural disasters have a negative impact on macroeconomic growth. So in a country such as Haiti and their disastrous earthquake, although a lot of money was pumped into the economy in order to help in the rebuilding, that does not do much when they are still in need of the proper man power that can produce new development or ideas for rebuilding the structures that were destroyed. Incidences of natural disasters have increased by 30 percent since the 1960s, and risk-modeling companies have raised the likelihood of a Katrina-like event happening once every 20 years, rather than once every 40 years (SKOUFIAS, 2003). Because of the possibility of large natural disasters happening more often as well as more frequent smaller natural disasters occurring, how will the economy be affected? Especially if before the reconstruction both socially and economically is finished from the original disaster, another strikes in the same area. Another problem that is faced with economic downfalls due to natural disasters is how other countries may view the stability of that country. For example, 75 percent of HaitiÃ¢â¬â¢s national income came through the export of retail apparel to the United States. If Haiti were to have any kind of smaller disasters before they can properly rebuild their economic and working communities, then other countries will only see them as a reoccurring high-risk investment and will no longer look to invest in Haiti, only deepening their turmoil from an economic stand point. Droughts cannot be forgotten either. 2010 set records as the hottest year in one of the hottest decades in history. Climate change, exacerbated by the effects of El Nino, sparked off a series of global heat waves. In Pakistan, temperatures rose to 128. 3 degrees Fahrenheit on May 26, the highest temperature seen in Asia. Russia was plagued by a series of wildfires, destroying crops and woodland, and blanketing cities in smog. People across Europe had to be hospitalized for heat strokes and dehydration as air-conditioning failed to bring relief. Asia had one of the most severe droughts across the globe. The drought caused an estimated 3. 5 million dollars in immediate damage, both to agriculture and to the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s hydroelectric sector. There are also other uncounted losses, but still very real costs from the drought: a drought can lower the overall productivity of land due to erosion and topsoil loss. It can reduce the numbers in livestock herds, which most of Asia relies on for everyday living needs as well as economic income. Before the end of the summer, the death toll would rise into the thousands. 15 million people were evacuated, and over a million homes destroyed. Nearly 34 million acres of crops were affected by floodwaters, with at least two million completely destroyed. By August, direct damage from the floods was estimated at $41 billion. This is something that affected the worldwide agricultural need and demand (PreventionWeb, 2010). Proving the destructive power of natural disasters, even in highly developed nations, Hurricane Katrina crushed the gulf coast. Just east of the Bahamas on August 24, 2005 a small, unlikely tropical depression intensified into a tropical storm which was given the name Katrina. This storm slowly made its way to FloridaÃ¢â¬â¢s southern coast on the 25th where most experts believed the storm would dissipate. Unfortunately, KatrinaÃ¢â¬â¢s path took it over the everglades allowing it to maintain its category 1 standing that it had acquired before it first made landfall, then entered the Gulf of Mexico. The warm waters of the Gulf fostered the rapid development of Katrina (Kempler 2010). The above image shows Hurricane Katrina at the height of her power. Estimates had Katrina making landfall as a category 4, but thankfully it weakened a bit and before it rolled in as a strong category 3. Katrina became been responsible for an estimated 1,800 deaths, as well as 100 billion dollars total in damages, of which about 60percent were uninsured losses. Some economists would put the total economic loss at around 250 Billion dollars (Amadeo 2011). That made Katrina the most destructive natural disaster ever to hit the United States. With all of KatrinaÃ¢â¬â¢s destruction, the short term effects on the economy were very evident. Only one year after the disaster the United States, the economy was back to normal. In the first three quarters of 2006 the United States had GDP growth of 5. 6 percent, some of the most rapid growth in recent years (Herman 2006). Even though the nation as a whole made a quick economic recovery after Katrina, locations that were struck directly, like New Orleans, did not make the turnaround quite as rapidly as hoped. The first few months after Katrina the United States economy went into a downward trend. The GDP growth rate dropped from the 4. 2 percent that it had experienced in the first three quarters to 1. 8 percent in the last quarter of 2005. The reason for this impact goes beyond the destruction of property and the primary economic concern; the loss of goods and production capabilities (Herman 2006). Perhaps the most important resource that the gulf region produces is oil. The gulf makes up about 30 percent of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s oil production and distribution. The effects of Katrina resulted in the destruction of 113 offshore platforms, and nearly 500 oil and gas pipelines (Amadeo 2011). The loss of this production led to a drastic increase in gas prices soaring to over 4 dollars per gallon. This drastic rise in prices created a panic, and people rushed to the gas stations to fill up before prices rose again, creating massive lines and much talk about the gloomy forecast of economic woes come. The only positive result from the increasing gas prices was when the Federal government opened the strategic petrollium reserves. This increase in gasoline prices surprisingly did not have as much of an impact as speculators feared, other than peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s outlook on the situation. There were some effects.mthough mostly food price centered. The three main goods that saw a notable impact were the prices of bananas, rice and sugar (Leibtag 2006). The primary reason for the increase in the rice and sugar prices is because the Louisiana Mississippi area is responsible for 85 percent of the sugar cane production, and 14 percent of the rice production in the United States (Leibtag 2006). The drastic loss in production from that area was softened by short-run increases in the other producers of those crops. This ability to increase short-run production is a factor that contributes to the resiliancy of free-market economies. Though the nationwide effects were not all that staggering, the effects in New Orleans the months following Katrina were devastating. With 80 percent of the city flooded, hundreds of thousands of people were forced to flee the city of New Orleans, many never to return again (Blackburn 2010). This drastic loss in population coupled with the destruction of approximately 200,000 homes and businesses led New Orleans and the surrounding areas into a dire economic situation. In the first few months after Katrina, Louisiana lost 12 percent of the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s 214,000 jobs (Herman 2006). One result of the loss of jobs was a drastic raise in mortgage delinquancy rates (Herman 2006). This inability to pay is more than likely a contributing factor to the very low rate of return from people who were forced to evacuate their homes by Katrina. Those that did find the resolve to return to stay were in a desperate situation. New Orleans, whose primary industry is tourism, suffered great losses after the storm. They desperately needed to be able to find a way to bring back the American and foreign tourist in order to fuel the creation for more jobs. The drop in tourism is best reflected by the attendance rates in New Orleans famous Mardi-Gras and Jazz Festivals. Both events had roughly a 30 percent drop in attendance from previous years (A year after Katrina, New Orleans desperately seeking tourists 2006). Part of the reason for the delay in the return of the tourism industry is the mass clean-up that had to take place first. Before anyone could return and maintain normal operations, there was still 118 million cubic yards of debris to be cleaned up.(Amadeo 2011) Thanks to efforts by FEMA, the Red Cross and many church ministries across the country, there was much help to be found. However, despite the efforts of all these groups, New Orleans a year after the incident was still working its way very slowly towards full recovery. With the aid that had come into the city, organizations were able to rebuild infrastructure and make great improvements to both education and government. In fact, post Katrina New Orleans has experienced steady growth in almost every way, including education levels, over the last 6 years as shown by the chart below Though it took about a year for it the effects to show and recovery to really make a strong step forward, the relief money that came into New Orleans and the other areas affected by Hurricane Katrina did what the nation was hoping it would; help restore one of Americas cultural and industrial centers. The economic turnaround in New Orleans shows how an initial investment in the form of government aid, insurance claims, and private donations can improve the economy of an area affected by a natural disaster. If this idea can hold to be true with the most costly natural disaster in American history, it should work with other costly natural disasters as well. Though maybe part of New Orleans success lay in the restructuring of their government and school systems in addition to the monetary support. Though the economy of the areas affected improve without bringing down the rest of the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s economy, suffering this type of event might not prove to be true in countries with weaker economies. Also, if a disaster like this was to hit a city like Los Angelas or New York, like Irene almost did, it is still speculator to say if there would be similar results. One thing can be said for certain, AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to maintain long term economic growth despite short term impacts, like Katrina shows the resiliency of America as an economic super-power. Other economic super powers, like Japan, are trying to find this same formula for economic recovery. In the case of JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s 9.0 magnitude earthquake on March 11, 2011, the loss of clean water, electricity, infrastructure, production lines, financial institutions, and more than 15,000 lives caused what the Prime Minister of Japan called the Ã¢â¬Å"The most difficult crisis for JapanÃ¢â¬ since World War II. However difficult it has been, people have been recovering from the loss of loved ones, injury, and the general trauma of the disaster. Perhaps the greatest and most uncertain long term effects brewing are the econ omic impacts on the world market. Many large industries and economic functions have been hurt, causing price inflation in those industries throughout the world. Since March 11, 2011, nations around the world have had to adjust their consumption in accordance with the loss of production in Japan. Several car companies, such as Toyota and Honda, had their production of car parts slowed, and electronics producers experienced the same effects (Syed, 2011). This has been felt worldwide. For example, Toshiba, who produces roughly 30 percent of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s computer chips that store data in smart phones, cameras, and laptops, closed down several factories due to economic losses and physical damages. Events like this are what caused the average price of a chip with eight gigabytes of memory to rise from 7. 30 dollars to around 10 dollars just three days after the earthquake and tsunami struck (Helft, 2011). Obviously, the price of computer chips is not the only price that has risen. Because computer chips are more expensive, new phones, laptops, televisions, cars, cameras, electronic billboards, and complex machinery will have a rise in price to cover the cost of parts and production. This effect will be felt for months, and maybe even years in an already instable world economy. Many of these products are produced in Japan; the world export market has been greatly affected because of that. JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s exports have decreased, causing increased economic uncertainty. The macroeconomic result of this is that investors tend to pull away from the increasing risk of pumping money into Japan and look for safer and smarter industries and nations to try to grow their profits (Kihara, 2011). One of the most fascinating things about todayÃ¢â¬â¢s economy is that everything is so globally connected. Because of this and the slow in Japanese exports, the United States level of consumption of Japanese goods dove 3.4 percent following the earthquake (Guardian. uk, 2011). If this trend continued throughout the year, then the Japanese economy would have lost 4. 2 billion dollars from 2010 levels of United States consumption alone (State. gov, 2011). The disaster and surrounding effects not only caused a decrease of funds going into Japan, but the economic instability caused by the earthquake was devastating in its timing. Japanese and other Asian stock markets plunged as the news of the disaster spread, and this is coming on the heels of the U. S.stock market falling nearly 2 percent the date before. Not only that, but the earthquake caused struggling European stocks to fall to three month lows (CBSnews. com 2011). This goes to show that natural disasters can cause a myriad of negative factors in an economy, and that a spike in uncertainty can be one of the most demoralizing. That uncertainty does not just surface in the stock markets, but also in global financing. The Japanese currency, the Yen, had a significant surge the day after the massive earthq uake struck (Bloomberg. com, 2011). This is said to be credited to the immediate cleanup, repair, and reconstruction needs that Japan incurred following the damages. The long-term effects of the boost in the value of the Yen are still unknown, but it has made the Yen rise in demand in recent months, despite fluctuations since the initial rise in trading worth (Bernard, 2011). The Yen is currently becoming stable once again, eight months after its spike in March then fall in April. Japan has done well in its recovery considering that the Yen hit recent year record lows in April. This graph shows the trading value of the Yen in the past year (Forexblog.org, 2011). The value of the Yen is not the only financial issue at stake. Japan is one of the major foreign holders of U. S. government and corporation debt. With JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s Debt-to-GDP ratio at 200 percent, and massive amounts of government spending looming in the rebuilding of the thousands of buildings and roadways lost, Japan is in great need of more money (CIA. g ov, 2010). Because of this, the current interest rates that U. S. corporations are paying on their international loans could increase in an effort to generate more revenue in Japan (Nanto, 2011). In turn, corporations would not be able to borrow as much money for new capital investment, thus hurting the consumption and job creation in the United States at a time when jobs are greatly needed with unemployment rates near nine percent (BLS. gov, 2011). Jobs are a big issue in Japan too. With many of the more than 15,000 killed and nearly 6,000 injured people being a part of the Japanese work force, and tons of cleanup and construction to be done, companies and the government have had to hire thousands of new workers to satisfy the demand for work (Japanese National Police Agency, 2011). After a brief climb in unemployment because of the direct aftermath of the earthquake, numbers dropped to a recent history record low of 4. 1 percent (Tradingeconomics. com, 2011). Once organization was restored, Japan began to utilize its workforce to combat the challenge of rebuilding cities. It is perhaps a gruesome yet effective means of increasing job demand in a nation when its economy was unsettlingly devastated. Since the record drop in unemployment, Japan has had what could be considered a Ã¢â¬Å"Recovery boom. On November 14, 2011, a news article stated: Gross domestic product grew at an annualized 6 percent in the three months ending Sept. 30, the fastest pace in 1 1/2- years, the Cabinet Office said today in Tokyo. At 543 trillion yen ($7 trillion), economic output was back to levels seen before the March 11 earthquake, the report showed. JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s return to growth after three quarters of contraction was driven by companies including Toyota Motor Corp. making up for lost output from the disaster. A sustained rebound will depend on how much reconstruction demand can offset a slowdown in global growth as EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s debt crisis damps global confidence and an appreciating yen erodes profits (Sharp, 2011). The fact the Japan is now back to its pre-earthquake GDP level is remarkable. It initiates again the idea of what is known to economists as Ã¢â¬Å"The Broken Window Fallacy. Ã¢â¬ The theory is that an economy can create jobs and achieve higher employment levels though the destruction of the current goods that exist. However, the destruction comes at a cost of replacement that, in the end, is not going to create a net gain, but will instead create a loss or Ã¢â¬Å"quick-fixÃ¢â¬ break even because businesses will be stimulated, but run less efficiently in the long run. Only time will tell if JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s growth over the last few months is simply a rebound or if the disaster caused a rethinking of how things should be done and built, therefore creating a more efficient, productive Japanese economy. Economists will be watching closely to spot trends. Another disaster that could have the same categories of effects on a much smaller scale is Hurricane Irene. The northeastern U. S. experienced the worst flooding since the existence of many towns and buildings of the region. Since only three months have passed since Irene made landfall on the New England area on August 28, 2011, the long term impact of the estimated 45 billion dollars in losses are still speculative (Morici, 2011). Given the current status of the American economy, any damages of the storm are probably being felt most nationwide right now, if compared to the time table of JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s economic fall and rise with respect to the earthquake in March. The U. S. may see a slight drop in unemployment and a rise in capital investment as part of the restoration of IreneÃ¢â¬â¢s damages, but most likely, no real growth will come out of it. However, the increase in consumption in order to rebuild the damaged parts of the northeast may spark a rise in consumer confidence, and that is what America desperately needs. A natural disaster in a third world country might bring in more money in aid than that countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economy could have ever produced on its own, making a very positive economic impact. But, as far as the number go, in a developed nation like the United States or Japan, natural disasters cause little more than a large scale broken window fallacy case study. A hurricane, earthquake, or other disaster can bring forth events that build intangible benefits such as consumer confidence, improved organization of infrastructure, or more efficient ideas, but most real development and confidence comes from ingenuity, not devastation. However, it is hard to argue against the fact that necessity is the mother of invention, or in this case, restructured success. Works Cited
Sunday, April 12, 2020
The need of the learners was identified as having to have investigators who could adopt a methodical approach, which is essential whilst carrying out equipment failure investigations. This was used as my session aim: Ã¢â¬ËThis learning session will teach you a methodical approach of investigating equipment failureÃ¢â¬â¢. When identifying the need for training I first assessed what the learners would have to have learnt by the end of the learning session. This was identified as the need to know what equipment would be used and how to carryout an investigation in easily managed phases. I then used this as my objective: By the end of this lesson you will have been introduced to the contents of the investigator pack and be able to identify the 3 phases of an equipment failure investigationÃ¢â¬â¢. (1. 2) The learners were identified as personnel with some previous learning within the subject matter. The instructional, rather than practical approach to delivering the session was selected as the subject matter was mainly theoretical (the session would later be followed by a practical session). We will write a custom essay sample on Approaches in Lifelong Learning or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The primary method of delivery would be verbal, given by the teacher.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
victor frankl essays Practice what you preach. For me no other man is a greater example of this quotation but Victor Frankl. Victor Frankl had theories of many kinds just like other doctors and philosophers but unlike most them there was one thing that made Victor stand out. Victor Frankl lived a life of many experiences and with that he was able to come up with a theory on the meaning of life. Victor Frankl's Man's Search for Meaning is a book that any reader can learn from. Frankl shares his experience as a prisoner in a Nazi concentration camp during WWII, and how this experience helped him to develop an approach to psychotherapy called logotherapy. Even those readers who are not interested in the details of his theory will enjoy the first part of the book, which consists of the story of his experiences at Auschwitz and Dachau. His main point is that everyone can find the will to go on, even in the direst of circumstances, if only we can identify something that we are willing to live for. Frankl's tragic experiences and his glorious victory are an example for every human to aspire to. In the book he tells us his experiences and he tells us how dreadful it was it to be in those camps. Together with what was happening to him he would somehow analyze the events that were taking place and theorize on how he survived. Despite the dreadfulness he never lost hope. He said that the prisoner who lost hope in the future was doomed. Victor Frankl never lost hope and survived the Nazis. Out of the two years that he lived in four different concentration camps he came to realize that the ones who survive are not the ones who are just physically strong but those who are strong with in. Half the book is autobiographical and the other half outlines the basics of his theory, demonstrating that his life reflected his thinking. Victor Frankl believes that meaning in our life can be found in our suffering. He says that meaning in ou...
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Dealing with Quick Wins - Research Paper Example This is exactly what happens in the case of Canadian Tire. Some decision makers within the organization are recommending "quick wins" presently when they are in the middle of implementing a long-term project, which is the redevelopment of a business intelligence (BI) infrastructure. The "quick wins" being referred to are short term projects recommended in response to assessed opportunities. These include the access to daily promotional data, forecasting and model simulation for incremental sales, pricing optimization reports and competitiveness analytics, among others (p.10). These projects were all IT-related and involve constant realignment and redirection of resources. It adversely impacts the long-term BI infrastructure project. In order to address the dilemma, I would like to establish some facts first. Foremost is the importance of the BI infrastructure project currently being undertaken. It is a much called for reform in order for Canadian Tire to be competitive. The long-term strategy will overhaul the way business is conducted in the organization. It is expected that organizational processes will be streamlined, business operations would be more cost effective, workforce will be more productive, decision making will be more informed and, hence, more effective and the organization would be in a better position to respond to risks and opportunities, among other benefits and advantages. On the other hand, the organization is also operating presently with the old model, as the transition being targeted by the reform is not yet completed. Canadian Tire has to respond to the movements of the market, the demands of the consumers, the impact of competition, the emergence of immediate risks and opportunities and a host of other short-term variables. That is why quick wins are imperative. It is clear that both of the points outlined